Эссе на английском языке про путешествие плюсы и минусы

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Some people believe that teenagers should study all the time because it is one of the most important things for them at their age. Others tend to think that education is not such a valuable aspect of teenagers’ life as it may seem. In this essay I am going to detail my own view on this issue.

Many modern teenagers are involved in volunteering, and their involvement appears to be controversial. Some people appreciate teenagers’ participation in social projects while others would prefer teenagers to pay more attention to themselves. In this essay I am going to detail my position on this issue.

Some people believe that studying is a continuous proccess while others tend to think that there is no necessity to spend every hour of your life on acquiring knowledge and developing skills. In this essay I am going to express myself on this issue.

All people want to be successful in life and they expect their career to give them all the good things of life. The question is when it is better to make a career choice. Some people believe that career decisions should be made at an early age, while others are sure that one should take some time and think it out.

It is difficult to imagine our life without fast food. It is gradually forcing out the traditional cuisine, and many people are sure that fast food will dominate in the future.

As a matter of fact, we live in the age of information technologies, varying in complexity, size, and purpose. Personal computers, computer nets, laptops, smartphones are great inventions used by people every day. The question is whether these gadgets make mankind smarter.

The modern world is experiencing great changes in almost every sphere of life including education. Nowadays, young people have a variety of educational systems. Online classes are becoming more and more popular.

If you go to school or university, you are faced with a number of exams. Basically, these exams are supposed to test your knowledge and skills. Also, they may motivate you to study harder.

Our life is full of stress. Many people live under the press of economic, social and other problems. These people find different ways to get rid of stress, and one of them is sport.

38 стр., 18697 слов

Управління якістю послуг підприємства Інтернет звязку на прикладі People.net

... залученню їх до процесів постійного удосконалення. На цих підприємствах співробітники розглядаються як рівноправні члени команди, вони постійно навчаються та підвищують свою кваліфікацію, їхню ... ринків, постійно зростаюча конкуренція призвели до необхідності переглянути традиційні уявлення про якість як жорстко заданий перелік "споживчих характеристик" і значно розширити тлумачення цього поняття. ...

At any age there are languages that dominate all over the world. These languages are spoken and understood by the majority of people. Nowadays, English enjoys the most popularity, yet Chinese seems to have better perspectives.

Fast food is a flourishing modern industry conquering the whole world. It is not top-secret that this kind of food is far from being healthy. It causes serious diseases like obesity, cancer, diabetes, and, for that matter, many people want fast food outlets to be closed everywhere.

From an early age we have been taught to be honest with people around us. Our parents and teachers always make us tell the truth and disapprove of a lie. Yet many of us consider honesty not to be the best policy.

People put much value upon different things, for example, money, freedom, friends, etc. But it is often stated that family has to be on top of all things.

Everybody likes to laugh that is why he/she often watches comedies and humorous shows, reads funny stories. Some people consume all this content no matter where it comes from, others ignore foreign humour because they find it difficult to understand.

Everyone wants to be rich and happy. Some people see the direct connection between money and happiness, others consider them to be two different things.

There are many ways to loose weight, and following a diet is one of the most popular ones. But is being on a diet the best strategy to grow thin?

Nowadays, more and more people neglect books and prefer watching their film versions. The question is whether it is a positive tendency or not.

We cannot imagine our life without clothes, the main function of which is protective. Clothes protect us from cold and hot weather, from rain and snow and from other negative effects of the environment. Also, clothes are considered to influence people’s behaviour.

Nowadays, learning foregn languages is becoming more and more popular. Thus language teachers are in great demand everywhere. Many people, who are fluent in languages but are not educational specialists, are tempted to tackle the teaching.

New technologies are developing at high speed these days, and their development is unstoppable. One of the most influential technologies is the Internet penetrating into every aspect of people’s life and endangering their real-life social skills.

All members of our society can be divided into two categories – leaders and ordinary members. Their functions, levels of responsibility and rewards are different. While leaders usually have high standards of living, ordinary people do with limited amenities of life.

At school children are supposed to learn many subjects. Most of them are compulsory, that is why boys and girls often make a stand against them and say they want to choose subjects on their own.

Technological progress has caused an argument about education. The thing is that some people believe that distant learning is better, and other people stick to the point that going to school is the only way to get good education.

56 стр., 27599 слов

Рынка кофеен на примере кофейни «Coffee Life»

... 4. Средний расход на одного посетителя _________ гривен на человека 5. Предпочитаемый вид ... опроса. 1. Определение предмета исследования. Постановка проблемы, требующей решения Coffee Life - совершенно новый формат кофейни, ... опросов, экспериментальных исследований, выполняемых над частью общей совокупности исследуемых - выборкой. Итак, основным источником первичной информации, необходимой для работы ...

Nowadays more and more people go in for extreme sports like skateboarding, base jumping, parachute jumping, mountaineering and others. They believe that extreme sports help to build character.

Nowadays there is a great variety of literary writings varying in genre, volume, conceptual meaning, and so on. Some of them are recognized as good and worth reading without fail. But the question is how people manage to grade books and select good ones.

Nowadays the virtual world is gradually becoming an essential part of our life. On the Internet, there are a lot of photos and video presentations of different countries and cities so that you do not need to go and see them with your own eyes.

Life is not fixed, and our living conditions are constantly changing. The question is whether they are changing for the better or the worse.

If you want to be a successful person, you have to get a good education abroad or in this country. What option is the best?

Public libraries are supposed to store paper books and lend them to everyone who wants to borrow them. But modern technologies allow you to get a book you need without going to libraries.

Everyone wants to be successful in his or her occupation. The question is what the person needs more – discipline or talent.

If you want to be a successful person, you have to get a good education abroad or in this country. What option is the best?

All people in the world want to be successful. Most of them are convinced that success means much money.

It is always fun to visit a zoo. Both children and grown-ups like to watch different animals: mammals, reptiles and others. The problem is that not every city and every town has a zoo.

Fast food is a fast-growing industry including thousands of restaurants and cafes throughout the country. It may seem that fast food is killing national culinary traditions.

Friendship is one of the greatest phenomena of people’s life. The true friend is always ready to help and support us in any situation. Is it possible to have many true friends?

Choosing a profession is a great problem because its solution affects almost every aspects of a person’s future life. To be on the safe side, many young people follow in their parents’ footsteps. Are they right or not?

Learning foreign languages is becoming more and more popular nowadays. A number of language schools and teachers is constantly growing up. But there are some people think that learning foreign languages is a waste of time and money.

The computer is one of the greatest inventions of all times. It helps us to work, relax, and study. Computer technologies are widely used in education by both teachers and pupils. It is believed that computers help them to be more effective.

Love is a nice feeling that is the reason of durable family ties. If two persons love each other they are much more likely to reach mutual understanding and overcome difficulties of life.

Nowadays, almost every home has access to the Internet. We use the Internet for various purposes: gaining necessary information, taking part in communities, and even making money.

23 стр., 11440 слов

Эссе мой любимый вид транспорта для путешествия

... much time as you like. Путешествия. Виды транспорта Люди начали путешествовать давным-давно. ... still people keep on going to the unknown lands. Nowadays it ... more interesting places of the country you are travelling through. ... a good time and nice impressions of the city. Общественный транспорт На мой взгляд, ... Coach - междугородный автобус, сконструированный для передвижения по скоростным магистралям. Он ...

Nowadays, there’s a tendency for active young people to leave rural areas for towns and cities. That is the reason why the population of the villages is thinning down now.

Family is a basic constituent of any nation. The well-being of the nation depends on the well-being of each family. A lot of factors make a family happy, and children are among of them. But how many children does a family need to be perfectly happy?

Industrial development plays a large role in prosperity of any country. I doubt whether the country could do without leading industries, such as: heavy and light industry, power engineering, extractive industry, heavy engineering, chemical industry, etc.

Nice shape, great stamina, bulging muscles are the dreams of most people. These dreams may come true thanks to sport.

You can hardly find a person who never heard about global fast food chains, such as McDonald’s, Subways, Burger King and so on. Nowadays, fast food industry is one of the most flourishing businesses all over the world.

Nowadays, being an interpreter is one of the most prestigious occupations. A lot of young people dream of becoming an interpreter, that’s why they study foreign languages very actively. Many of them achieve a good level of competence.

Many high school students take a gap year before entering university. This is a year in which they usually travel abroad and see the world to broaden their horizons. However, some people believe it’s better for them to go straight to university.

There are many benefits to playing both team and individual sports. Apart from getting some exercise and improving your physical abilities, you can learn about your strengths and weakness and feel great about your accomplishments on the track or field. However, some people believe that team sports help develop a person’s character better.

These days, people use technology to do many things. They use computers at work, mobile phones for communication, and television to watch programmes. These devices are useful, but have people become too dependent on them?

Whenever you visit a supermarket, there is always a huge selection of soft drinks. These drinks are popular because they’re full of sugar, which makes them taste great. It’s become a problem for some people who have gained weight from drinking them. So, should governments limit the size of the containers these drinks are sold in?

More and more people are working from home rather than in an office. It has become easier to work at home because your work can be done on a computer and emailed into the office. But is this good for productivity?

In an effort to improve our food supply, scientists have discovered ways to genetically modify food so that it grows faster and is less susceptible to disease. But should the production and sale of genetically-modified food be banned?

Going to the cinema is a popular pastime that nearly everyone loves doing. It seems that every week, a dozen new films are released, and filmgoers are curious about which ones are worth seeing. Should filmgoers rely on reviews when choosing a film to see?

2 стр., 551 слов

Территория моего мнения: я и город!

... предлагаю, чтобы в нашем городе проводилось больше различных акций, движений, организовать рейды по незаконной продаже алкогольной и табачной продукции несовершеннолетним детям. К 2015 году все ...

Our world has become very competitive, and many parents want to do their best to prepare their children for success in life. Do parents push their children too hard when they’re young, taking away a happy childhood in the process?

It is a teacher’s job to assess students’ performance in class. They must mark students’ work and give them feedback on their progress. Should students also be allowed to assess their teachers on their performance?

Getting a job takes a lot of effort, as you have to prepare yourself to answer a lot of questions about your skills and your history. You also have to look your best at the interview. Should you always wear a business suit to an interview?

  • Sport benefits teenagers in many ways.
  • Teenagers’ main responsibility is to help their parents with house chores.
  • Physical training is the most important school subject.
  • It is better to travel alone.
  • Audiobooks will never substitute parents’ reading books for children.
  • Learning more than one foreign language is a waste of time
  • In the near future robots will replace people in most jobs.
  • Learning English is much easier for teenagers than for elderly people.
  • Today more and more people prefer shopping online to shopping in real shops
  • People should always dress up when they go to a theatre to maintain the atmosphere of a holiday.
  • Travelling makes us wish to study languages.
  • Waking up before the sun rises, is a very good way of staying healthy.
  • It is better to travel if you have a package tour.
  • In the future traditional shops will disappear and all shopping will be on line with home delivery.
  • Eating out is often noisy and crowded, it’s far better to be with family and friends.
  • Public transport should be free for everyone.
  • It’s a pity that people don’t write real letters anymore.
  • Getting married and having children is the key to one’s happiness.
  • The generation gap will always exist.
  • It’s possible to stay safe on the internet
  • Vegetarianism is the only way of healthy eating.
  • Cloning people will break the normal life.
  • Feng Shui makes people more successful.
  • In 100 years, all the countries will be at peace.
  • New technologies will make crime impossible.
  • It is insane to live in a densely packed block of flats.
  • Man should come back to nature and enjoy healthy pleasures of rural life.
  • For the younger generation there is nothing in seclusion of a countryside.
  • Joys of life in the country could be fully appreciated only by local people.
  • It is necessary to build blocks of flats nowadays.
  • Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made.
  • It is strange that some movie stars earn millions of dollars a year.
  • Watching violence in movies is bad for children.
  • Technology has made the cinema a better thing.
  • There is no future without the Internet.
  • The growth of the Hollywood film industry has replaced quality with quantity.
  • Cosmetic surgery can improve the quality of life.
  • International sport is war without shooting.
  • Telepathetic communication would lead to constant conflicts.
  • President of a country is the most important person.
  • Education opens the doors to happiness and success.
  • University students should pay for their education.
  • Earning money is more important than getting a good education.
  • Your work is your identity.
  • Happiness in marriage is entirely a matter of chance.
  • Fashion is a pure commerce.
  • Marriage should be banned before a certain age.
  • New technologies boost unemployment.

Сейчас мы остановимся на самых важных моментах при написании развернутого высказывания, т.е. эссе (сочинения).

14 стр., 6711 слов

Эссе про отдых на английском

... or autumn, but the fact that you do not need to get up early to go to school ... увидел жизнь на морском дне. Я также посетил аквапарк, совершил поездку на теплоходе и прокатился на лошадях. Мой отдых у ... fair, capable of great and sincere affection. Many people today lack these qualities. I would like to ... was amazing. ПЕРЕВОД: Мой летние каникулы – краткое эссе. Я люблю лето. Это не значит, что мне ...

Эти заметки основаны на рекомендациях ФИПИ (федерального института педагогических измерений) и на реальной практике оценивания сочинений экспертами региональных комиссий. Для разбора всех нюансов воспользуемся реальной экзаменационной темой: “An early choice of a career path is the key to success”.

1) Правильное понимание темы. Прежде всего, во время проверки сочинения эксперт должен выставить баллы по главному критерию – “решение коммуникативной задачи”, а проще говоря, эксперт должен оценить содержание вашей работы. Оно должно полностью соответствовать заданной теме. По этому критерию вы можете получить от нуля до трех баллов. Если вы не попали в тему, то получаете ноль баллов по данному критерию и тогда вообще все сочинение оценивается в ноль (хотя в идеале можно на нем заработать 14 баллов).

Промахнуться мимо темы гораздо проще, чем вам представляется. Так, рассматриваемая нами тема “An early choice of a career path is the key to success” отправила в абсолютный ноль треть всех сочинений, потому что речь в них шла в основном про плюсы и минусы (преимущества и недостатки) раннего выбора карьеры, хотя надо было посмотреть на зависимость раннего выбора карьеры и успеха. Проще говоря, надо было ответить на вопрос: Правда ли, что чем раньше определился с профессией, тем больше шансов на успех в жизни, или нет? Гарантирует ли ранний выбор профессии успех в жизни или нет? Является ли ранний выбор профессии причиной (фактором) успеха в жизни или нет?

2) План. В КИМах, т.е. в контрольно-измерительных материалах с заданиями, после темы сочинения следует его план, состоящий из пяти пунктов. Первый пункт – введение, второй – собственное мнение с двумя-тремя аргументами, третий – противоположная точка зрения с одним-двумя аргументами, четвертый – несогласие с противоположной точкой зрения и контраргументация, пятый – заключение. Запомните: менять последовательность пунктов нельзя. Бывает так, что уже во введении ученик заявляет о своей точки зрения, чего делать нельзя, так как выражение своего мнения – это второй пункт, а не первый.

3) Введение. В плане самый первый пункт звучит так: “Make an introduction (state the problem)”. Ключевым словом здесь является problem. Многие совершенно не понимают этого момента, пишут непонятно что и допускают критическую содержательную ошибку. Что такое “проблема”? Это разногласие, несовпадение позиций, разные взгляды, противоречие по поводу какого-либо вопроса. Так вот во введении вы должны заявить о существующем противоречии. Касательно темы “An early choice of a career path is the key to success” сделать это можно, например, так: Some people regard an early career choice as the key to success, while others tend to think that success does not depend on early career decisions. Если во введении не представлена оппозиция мнений, то это большой минус для содержания. Часто у многих введение представляет собой общие слова по теме типа: “All people want to be successful in life and most of them tend to make career decisions as early as possible. They regard early decisions as the key to success. Are they right or not?” Подобное введение, несмотря на его языковую правильность и логичность, абсолютно не годится. В нем нет констатации проблемы, не заявлено никакое противоречие, не обозначено никакого разногласия. И более того, в нем присутствует риторический вопрос, который недопустим в этом типе заданий. Подчеркнем: никаких риторических вопросов! Они свойственны какому угодно стилю, но только не нейтральному, которым должно быть написано ваше сочинение. О стиле мы поговорим в отдельном пункте.

2 стр., 865 слов

Марина Желтухина: «Нам интересны все мнения о роли России в меняющемся мире»

... молодежный конкурс эссе называется "Видение России: в поисках роли в меняющемся мире". Нам интересны все возможные мнения и представления иностранных студентов о роли России в современном мире. Конкурс, несомненно, ... о конкурсе адресам. Затем студентов ожидают международная конференция, публикация эссе победителей на сайте, экскурсия в музей-панораму "Сталинградская битва" и вручение призов. - Ваши ...

4) Собственное мнение и аргументация. Второй пункт плана формулируется: “Express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion”. Начните второй абзац сочинения с прямого выражения собственного мнения, например: I believe that you get more chances to succeed if you choose your professional path as early as possible. Здесь имеется очень важный момент, который стоит обговорить отдельно.

Что такое “мое мнение”? Это чисто техническое название вашего сочинения. Как уже было сказано, тема сочинения распадается на две позиции, и ваша задача – присоединиться к одной из них. Ваше так называемое “мнение” ограничено только этими двумя точками зрения. Возможно, на самом деле вы не можете поддержать ни одну из них, – это ваше право как человека. Но ваши реальные взгляды на проблему, насколько глубоки и серьезны они не были бы, никого на экзамене не интересуют. Просто разложите тему на две позиции и присоединитесь к одной из них.

Также при выражении мнения избегайте дословного повторения темы. Скажем, следующая формулировка мнения не пойдет: “I believe that an early choice of a career path is the key to success”. Вы просто дословно повторили тему. Строго говоря, вам никто не запрещает делать это, но не удивляйтесь тогда сниженным баллам за то, что ваши языковые способности не отличаются богатством и разнообразием.

Итак, позиция выбрана, далее следует ее аргументация. Обратите внимание, от вас требуется два-три аргумента, а это значит не один и не четыре. Пожалуй, выразим общее мнение экспертов, если скажем, что следует ограничиться двумя сильными, полноценно раскрытыми аргументами. Следите за тем, чтобы ваши аргументы действительно подтверждали выбранную позицию и не были общими, размытыми рассуждениями на поставленную тему. В нашем случае хорошая аргументация может выглядеть, например, так: “First of all, an early career decisions mean saved time, which can be spent on better education and practice. The more theoretical knowledge and practical skills you acquire the better you are at a chosen professional activity. Good professionals are always in great demand in every sphere and they are highly rated and well-paid. These people are successful because high professional rating and substantial earnings are an important part of success. Moreover, the younger you are the more energy and health you have. As a matter of fact, trying to be successful requires a lot of psychophysical efforts, so young people are more advantaged than older ones.”

8 стр., 3848 слов

Вводные фразы для

... фразы можно использовать, если требуется рассмотреть аргументы "за" и "против". Не забывайте использовать слова-связки. To begin with, … . Начнем с ... По мнению некоторых экспертов, ... . Perhaps we should also point out the fact that ... people ... . Для подавляющего большинства людей ... . We live in a world in which ... . Мы живем в мире, ... то, что ... . В заключении эссе делаете вывод. In conclusion, I ...

5) Противоположное мнение. Третий пункт плана звучит: “Express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion”. Снова обратите внимание на количество аргументов – один-два и не больше. Эксперты в общем рекомендуют ограничиться одним достойным аргументом. Вот каким он может быть: “But there are people who consider that there is no interdependence of an early choice of a career path and success. They say that success is achievable at any age, and it is strong will that is the key to it.”

6) Несогласие с противоположным мнением и контраргументация. В четвертом пункте плана говорится: “Explain why you do not agree with the opposing opinion”. Несогласие выразить легко, для этого достаточно сказать: Nevertheless I do not agree with the above mentioned position. А вот доказать свое несогласие бывает очень затруднительно. Вам надо доказать несостоятельность аргумента противоположной точки зрения. Еще раз: вам надо доказать не ложность самой противоположной позиции, а разбить ее аргумент. В нашем случае мы указали сильную волю как ключ к успеху, значит именно этот момент и будем опровергать: “Nowadays many older people, no matter how strong-willed they are, cannot even get a chance for a job because of their age. Almost every company expects their employees to be not older than a certain age. If you are over, you are not invited to the job interview, which means you fail even on the first step to success. Your strong will is of no help.”

7) Заключение. Пятый пункт задания предполагает следующее: “Make a conclusion restating your position”. То есть от вас требуется подвести общий итог сказанному, но при этом еще раз утвердив свою точку зрения. Если в заключении не будет просматриваться еще раз ваша позиция, то вы непременно потеряете в оценке. Переутверждение должно быть таким, чтобы не повторяло в точности формулировку своего мнения во втором абзаце (и вообще избегайте повторения формулировок где бы то ни было).

Скажите, например: “In conclusion, I would like to emphasize that there are no shortcuts to success in life. It usually takes much time to make money, to achieve a high social status, etc. So, the earlier you take the first step on your career path, the more prospects of success you have”.

8) Стиль. Ваше рассуждение должно проходить в нейтральном стиле. Это значит, что не должны употребляться языковые средства, имеющие эмоционально-стилистическую окраску. К наиболее частым нарушением стиля можно отнести: а) уже упомянутый риторический вопрос, б) слитные формы слов (can’t, don’t, I’d like и т.п.), что характерно для разговорной речи, в) идиомы, т.е. фразеологизмы, так как они характерны для художественной или разговорной речи, например: Extreme sports are not my cup of tea (Экстремальные виды спорта – это не мой конек); That will be the icing on the cake (Это будет приятной изюминкой).

г) метафоры, т.е. слова и фразы с переносным значением, например: in the eye of the law – в глазах закона и т.п. В общем и целом, употребляйте слова в их прямом значении, и если у вас появилось желание приукрасить какое-либо предложение, то лучше откажитесь от такого намерения, так как при этом увеличивается вероятность промахнуться мимо нейтрального стиля.

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... клиентоориентированного менеджмента в целом достаточно полно освещена в научной литературе. Прежде всего, необходимо отметить работы А.Е. Гавриленко, где раскрываются основы клиентоориентированного подхода в ... the hotel chain success. Nowadays amid market economy and competition the success of a hotel ... сети «7 Days». В процессе исследования проводились: swot-анализ гостиницы «7 анализ уровня ...

Итак, подводя итого сказанному, написание эссе является чрезвычайно сложным делом и, по задумке разработчиков экзамена, должно стать радикальным инструментом разделения максимально подготовленных, талантливых знатоков английского языка и середнячков. Поэтому если хотите попасть в первую категорию, то пишите ваше сочинение с учетом всех тех нюансов, которые мы представили.

ПОЛЕЗНЫЕ ФРАЗЫ ДЛЯ ПЕРВОГО АБЗАЦА (ВВЕДЕНИЕ): , The problem of … is quite topical nowadays., Nowadays, many people discuss the problem of … ., Nowadays, the problem of … receives considerable attention., Nowadays, the problem of … appears to be controversial., It is difficult to imagine our life without … ., Some people believe that … , while others tend to think that … ., Many people are convinced that … , while others believe that … ., Many people are sure that … , while others claim that … .


In my opinion, … ., Personally, I am convinced that … ., I strongly believe that … ., First of all, … ., To begin with, … ., First and foremost, … ., In addition, … ., Moreover, … ., Besides, … ., Furthermore, … .


The different point of view is that … ., The essence of the different point of view is that … ., On the contrary, many people tend to think that … ., Their belief is based on the fact that … ., The main reason of their belief is that … ., They have the right to think so because … .


Nevertheless, I cannot agree with my opponents., Nevertheless, I cannot support my opponents’ position., The fact is that … ., The point is that … .


In conclusion, I would like to emphasize the fact that … ., To sum up, I would like to stress the fact that … ., In conclusion, I would like to emphasize the actuality of the matter under discussion., It is really the fact that … ., However that may be, I hold the opinion that… ., To sum up, the problem under discussion appears to be very important., Notwithstanding all the conflicting views, I stick to the point that … .

The contradictory essence of the matter is obvious. However that may be, I hold the opinion that… . – Противоречивость этого вопроса очевидна. Но как бы то ни было, я придерживаюсь мнения, что … .

The problematical character of the matter under discussion is obvious. However, I do believe that … . – Проблематичность обсуждаемого вопроса очевидна. Однако, я все-таки считаю, что … .

Considering the above-mentioned fact, I would like to reaffirm my adherence to the position that … . – Принимая во внимание упомянутый факт, я бы хотел еще раз подтвердить свое мнение, заключающееся в том, что … .

Taking the above-mentioned fact into account, I would like express my commitment to … .